jueves, 1 de septiembre de 2011

TALLER SOBRE LA UNIDAD 4.-


UNIVERSIDAD RAFAEL BELLOSO CHACIN
CATEDRA-. INGLES INSTRUMENTAL
PROFESORA: DORIS MOLERO
ALUMNA: DAYSI ROMERO.-

Tarea de la UNIDAD 4
Parte  1) Seleccione un texto relacionado con su área de experticia. Lea el texto y extraiga: las   definiciones  y los marcadores de definición. 
Parte 2) Seleccione otro texto relacionado con su área de experticia y extraiga las palabras dE secuencia u ordenamiento del tiempo Lectura.
  
Parte 1.  Definitions.-

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word "globalization" was first employed in a publication entitled Towards New Education in 1930, to denote a holistic view of human experience in education. An early description of globalization was penned by the founder of the Bible Student movement Charles Taze Russell who coined the term 'corporate giants' in 1897, although it was not until the 1960s that the term began to be widely used by economists and other social scientists. The term has since then achieved widespread use in the mainstream press by the later half of the 1980s. Since its inception, the concept of globalization has inspired numerous competing definitions and interpretations, with antecedents dating back to the great movements of trade and empire across Asia and the Indian Ocean from the 15th century onwards.The United Nations ESCWA says globalization "is a widely-used term that can be defined in a number of different ways. When used in an economic context, it refers to the reduction and removal of barriers between national borders in order to facilitate the flow of goods, capital, services and labour...although considerable barriers remain to the flow of labor... Globalization is not a new phenomenon. It began towards the end of the nineteenth century, but it slowed down during the period from the start of the First World War until the third quarter of the twentieth century. This slowdown can be attributed to the inward-looking policies pursued by a number of countries in order to protect their respective industries... however, the pace of globalization picked up rapidly during the fourth quarter of the twentieth century..
.Definiciones According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word "globalization" was first employed in a publication entitled Towards New Education in 1930, to denote a holistic view of human experience in education.The United Nations ESCWA says globalization "is a widely-used term that can be defined in a number of different ways. When used in an economic context, it refers to the reduction and removal of barriers between national borders in order to facilitate the flow of goods, capital, services and labour... although considerable barriers remain to the flow of labor...
Marcadores de Definición
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Parte 2
Lectura  dehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_VenezuelaThe economy of Venezuela is largely based on the petroleum sector, which accounts for roughly a third of the country's GDP, around 80% of total exports, and more than half of the government operating revenues. Venezuela is the fifth largest member of OPEC by oil production. From the 1950s to the early 1980s the Venezuelan economy experienced a steady growth that attracted many immigrants. During the collapse of oil prices in the 1980s the economy contracted. With high oil prices and rising government expenditures, Venezuela's economy grew by 9% in 2007 but is expected to have shrunk by 2.9% in 2009 and further in 2010. Venezuela has one of the highest inflation rates in the world averaging 29.1% in 2010, according to the CIA world fact book. According to Central Bank of Venezuela, the government received from 1998 to 2008 around 325 billion USD through oil production and export, and according to the International Energy Agency, to June 2010 has production of 2.2 million of barrels per day, 800,000 of which go to the United States of America.In January, 2010, Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez announced a fixed dual exchange rate system for the bolivar. The system offers a 2.6 bolivar per USD rate for imports of essential items such as food, medicine, and industrial machinery, and a 4.3 bolivar per USD rate for imports of other products, including cars and telephones. CADIVI, the government body which administers currency exchange, will continue as the only administrator of the foreign currencies and executor of this devaluation. Currently Venezuela imports almost all of its clothing, food, cars and electronic items.The International Energy Agency shows how Venezuela's oil production has fallen in the last years, producing only 2,300,000 barrels (366,000 m3) daily, down from 3.5 million in 1998, but with the recent currency devaluation the oil incomes will double its value in local currency, allowing the government to spend more.A 2010 International Monetary Fund (IMF) study qualified as "delayed and weak" the economic recovery of Venezuela in comparison with other countries of the region that had emerged from the world economic crisis "comparatively well" and were now recovering to a "strong rhythm". According to figures from the Venezuelan Central Bank, the economy showed signs of improvement in the first quarter of 2011 when GDP rose between 3% and 4%.Palabras de secuencia y ordenamiento del tiempo
From the 1950s
 early 1980s 
 in the 1980s
 in 2007
further in 2010.
 in 2010,
from 1998 to 2008
to June 2010 In January, 2010,
in 1998,
A 2010
the first quarter of 2011.

Idea principal del texto.

La economía de Venezuela se basa principalmente en el sector petrolero, el cual representa aproximadamente un tercio del PIB del país, alrededor del 80% de las exportaciones totales y más de la mitad de los ingresos del gobierno operativo.
En este sentido y a pesar de las cifras mencionadas, Venezuela ha confrontado algunos altibajos en su producción de petróleo, por lo cual organismos internacionales expresan, sobre la recuperación económica de este país, que será lenta y tardía en comparación con  otros países de la región.

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